According to the latest census, compared with 2001, the number of Hungarians in Slovakia decreased by 62 thousand of residents. This result has several reasons and this work deals with natural loss and assimilation. Demographic studies show that both of these reasons are mainly in the younger generation and this is supported by sociological research. Among the 18- to 34 year-old Slovak Hungarians, nationality as well as other social factors affecting national identity are less important compared to the older generation. It is therefore a question of asking whether every Hungarian parent equals a Hungarian child? Or else: will it be less or at least the same?
Key words:national identity, assimilation